Saturday, 11 July 2009

A sting operation, tracking down Kilburn honey...


Hugo in his bee keepers outfit

The hive

This is nearly ready as most of the cells have been sealed (the darker parts are from bee footprints)

Hugo in his honey coloured conservatory in Kilburn

Bee keepers glove covered in propolis, very good for colds and coughs

MsMarmitelover looking like an insect and wearing inappropriate shoes for outdoor pursuits

Sadly missed, the lady in pink, lived forever, no doubt due to her obsession with honey.

Honey, as Barbara Cartland was all too aware, is magic. I have been on the search for local honey ever since I was told that a teaspoon a day of local honey can cure hay fever. I found Kilburn honey through North London Beekeepers.
Hugo Hodge, a solicitor, lives practically opposite me and has a hive in his garden. He's been making honey for five years and is part of a small group of local beekeepers(the menacingly acronymed 'KGB' stands for 'Kilburn Group of Beekeepers') that meet every fortnight.

Kilburn honey tasting

Hugo gave me a honey tasting. The one on the left is paler, 2008/9 honey. It is herby, lemony and sugary with notes of Eucalyptus. The middle and right contain two year old honey, dark chestnut-like liquid, complex in flavour. Hugo thinks the honey is darker when there is plenty of lime tree nectar, which depends on the weather in June not going below 17 degrees.

Acacia honey

This is a pale honey 'goose fat' from a local beekeeper who happens to be French. He keeps his hives, surrounded by Acacia, in France. The taste is flowery and the texture melts in your mouth. Clover honey is also pale.
You can eat honey still in it's comb, just don't spread it as the wax will become lumpy. The wax is edible.

Bees swallow nectar into their 'honey stomachs' and regurgitate it into honeycomb wax.
Over the next month the bees will reduce the water content in the honey by flapping their wings to dry it. This is remarkably accurate, when water content is reduced to 17% (when there are enough anti-bacterials) the nectar becomes honey. It can be rubbed on wounds to sterilise and promote healing. The National Health Service buy many 'honey dressings' every year...lint bandaging impregnated with honey. Manuka honey, from the teatree has particularly strong anti-septic qualities although it tastes no different from normal honey. Honey never goes off.

The wax is secreted through the bees wax glands. There are stages in bee responsibilities once they are born. First they clean the hive, then they become nurses, then wax builders, then guard bees and finally, flying bees, when they collect nectar.
Bees are all women; mothers and daughters. Up until the 18th century the Queen bee was called a King for people assumed that the head of any organisation would be a male. It seems current political fashion influences our observations and analysis of nature. Now we call a hive, a separatist feminist state and things are run via a workers co-operative.
Men: drones are few, maybe a couple of hundred out of a 40,000 bee hive. Drones are incredibly lazy, they don't even feed themselves, female worker bees literally put the food in their mouths. They are there to mate with the Queen, ultimately three or four will get the chance. Sex is fatal; once they 'pull out', they leave their genitals in the queen and die. (Sorry can't stop laughing as I write this). A queen is a more developed worker bee, a kind of Jordan/Katie Price of the bee world.
Your intrepid reporter wore a mask and ventured out to the hive. Staying clear of the 'flight path', Hugo lifted out the combs dripping with amber honey, shaking off the bees gently. The honey is ready when the bees seal off each little compartment. If you extract the honey from uncapped cells, it may go rancid as the water content is too high.
Different foods are available from a hive in addition to honey, such as pollen, which can be put on breakfast cereal, propolis, and 'royal jelly' otherwise known as bee milk or bread. It is very difficult to harvest, being the food that is fed to the larvae. More royal jelly is given to larvae chosen to be Queens, which aids in developing the ovaries neccessary for reproduction. It is from these cells that the Royal Jelly is taken.
I asked Hugo if he ever got stung.
"Last year I didn't get stung at all. This year I've been stung twice"
I suggested he use Apis Mel, a homeopathic remedy to alleviate the pain.
Hugo collects the honey in July. Commercial honey makers may do it earlier and not leave any honey for the bees, feeding them for the rest of the year on a refined sugar syrup which has less nutrients. Smallholders such as Hugo always leave honey for the bees to survive. On a good year he gets about 60 pounds, or 60 jars. The honey 'flows' for the first three months after extraction and then crystallises. Honey can be warmed up to get it flowing again but don't heat over 40 degrees as that will kill the nutrients.
Setting up your own hive costs approximately £300 of which the most expensive element is buying a bee 'nucleus' to get it going (£90). North London Beekeepers run courses which I'm going to join. Hopefully The Underground Restaurant will be able to serve honey from my garden next year...
Bees in Europe are in decline due to climate change, Jordans, the breakfast cereal makers are running a campaign to raise awareness of this.
There are also underground beekeepers in Brooklyn, New York where it is illegal to keep bees. There is a thriving community...like underground restaurants, people are telling Big Brother where to get off!

11 comments:

  1. Illegal to keep bees? That is dumb! It's really important for as many people to keep bees as possible as bee populations are declining.

    When I first came to London I managed to find some London honey at Borough and took it for my hayfever (until the flatmate from hell ate it all with probably no appreciation of what it was or how much it cost). It's been hard to find since but I've been planning to look out for it since it's honey season. Thanks for the reminder!

    Oooh and manuka, coming from NZ I am a fan. I find it a lot stronger in flavour than normal honey so you don't need to use as much, which is good as it's so freaking expensive. I once used it on a sore that was refusing to heal, once I started using the honey it got a lot better. My friends are always surprised to hear it is used in hospitals.

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  2. Very informative and funny :-) Glad to hear it's not just Fortnum & Mason's who making London honey.

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  3. I take one teaspoon of honey with cinnamon a day (if I remember), they're both very good for your health. If I have it at home, I'll take Manuka honey!

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  4. ...and here I am in North London with a small garden, a few bees but no hive a and no bee keeping membership. Part of me is very tempted. Great blog, thanks.

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  5. I adore honey! I have to stop myself buying honey at markets and when on holiday. I didn't resist very well at the Feast East food festival in March (the same bloke was at Real Food Festival) and I bought some in France from La Maison de l'Abeille in La Roche Bernard. I tend to eat more when I'm feeling bunged up as I use it to sweeten my lemsip and my regular black tea (which I drink unsweetened rest of time).

    Pete and I have fantasised for years about having our own bee hive but never thought it'd be practical in residential area of London!

    I might have to contact some local beekeepers and find out how much space is needed and what the pros/ cons are. There are no doubt a number of things to take into consideration that I haven't even thought of!

    Thanks, both informative and fun to read. Loving the pic of you in the gear!

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  6. LOVE IT! As you know, I've become obsessed by the beehives on the allotment, and now you have found out ALL the details that I've been wanting to know. Great post.

    I may join you on the beekeeping course... wearing suitable footwear!
    :)

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  7. my granddad was a beekeeper (amongst other things) and i miss nothing more than licking the honey straight from the honeycomb!
    do you know if that kilburn honey is cold-processed? i would love to get my hands on some raw/unpasteurised/unheated honey, but this is impossible to find in the shops.
    would appreciate it.
    thanks
    johanna

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  8. What a fun and fascinating post! Great photos. There's nothing like local honey. :)

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  9. Vegan comment: in large-scale honey production there is cruelty (you can look it up if interested), but if you are looking at small-scale local honey producers, what could me more natural than wanting to eat something so sweet?

    Regarding APIS MEL (which you recommended as a homeopathic remedy for stings), this is made from crushed bees. Although this is obviously in very small quantities, I imagine many (like me) have taken it without realising and would not like the idea of it if they did.

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